A great number of people worldwide suffer from high blood pressure (hypertension). Only in America, this condition affects more than 70 million people, which is 1 in every 3 people.
A third of the American population is having pre-hypertension. We should definitely mention that hypertension costs the USA $46 billion annually, which includes different treatments, medications and missed days at work.
Statistics suggest that high blood pressure caused 1000 deaths per day back in 2013! Now you understand that this is a very serious condition, right?
High blood pressure – what is it?
High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition which occurs as a result of elevated blood pressure in the arteries. This happens due to narrowed arteries or the heart pumping blood with too much force. In fact, the force the heart pumps blood is the blood pressure.
So, our body is able to withstand high blood pressure for some time, but if the problem continues and lasts for several months, it can seriously damage your arteries and lead to potentially fatal conditions.
The main causes of high blood pressure
When it comes to Primary Hypertension (occurs when there is no specific cause) genetics plays a significant role in its development. However, Secondary Hypertension is caused by medications used for diabetes, endocrine disorders, kidney disease, and cardiovascular problems.
- Alcohol abuse
- Consuming foods rich in sodium
- Potassium deficiency
- Family history of hypertension
- Physical inactivity
- Chronic stress
- Obstructive sleep apnea
Generally, doctors prescribe beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, calcium-channel blockers and other drugs that can treat high blood pressure. However, most of them only lead to further complications.
Diuretics remove the excess liquids from the body and reduce the pressure in the blood vessels. They are the first medication prescribed for high blood pressure. There are 3 types of diuretics: potassium-sparing diuretics (Dyrenium, Aldactone, Midamor), thiazide diuretics (HydroDiuril, Diuril, Lozol), and look diuretics (Edecrin, Bumex, Lasix).
The thiazide and look diuretics can reduce the potassium levels in your body and increase your risk of cardiovascular diseases. Also, thiazide diuretics can increase your glucose levels and your risk of diabetes. These medications can lead to adverse effects including depression, fatigue, irritability, low libido, urinary incontinence, etc.
Beta-blockers reduce the high blood pressure by lowering the heart rate. The most popular brands are Coreg, Kerlone, Bystolic, Inderal, Sectral, and Visken. However, these beta-blockers cause various side-effects. For instance, they can lead to a sudden increase in heart rate which can result in a heart attack. When combined with diuretics, beta-blockers extremely increase the risk of diabetes.